Development of Social Studies Integrated Unit Plan Based on Triarchic Theory for Developing Systematic Thinking of Secondary School Students
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The objectives of this research were. 1. Develop the social studies integrated unit plan based on Triarchic theory for developing systematic thinking of secondary school students. 2. Test its effectiveness by 2.1 to compare the systematic thinking abilities of the experimental group students before and after learning. 2.2 to compare the systematic thinking abilities between the experimental group students and the control group students. 2.3 to explore the satisfaction and opinions of the social studies teachers about the social studies integrated unit plan based on Triarchic theory. The study had two phases as follows. Phase 1 analyzed related data and developed them into a teaching model. Phase 2 evaluated the teaching model. The experimental samples were 2 groups: 19 students in experimental group and 18 students in control group for a period of 6 weeks. Query the satisfaction and opinions from 24 social studies teachers. The data were analyzed by using the percentage, the arithmetic mean ( ̅ ), standard deviation (S.D. ), T-test ( Paired-Samples T-test ) and descriptive analysis. The results of the study were as follows : 1. The developed teaching model consisted of the Triarchic theory to develop systematic thinking, The 6 steps were (1) create interest (2) use experience and adapt the context in learning (3) create thinking clarity (4) inspect and revise ideas (5) start to consider the thinking structure diagram and (6) inspect and evaluate the working practice in order to improve. 2. The result of the evaluated the teaching model found that: 2.1 Systematic thinking ability of the experimental group students was higher than before the experiment are statistically significant at 0.05 level. 2.2 Systematic thinking ability of the experimental group students after experiment was higher than the control group students are statistically significant at 0.05 level. 2.3 The social studies teacher was satisfied and commented that the activity of teaching should follow the manner of the teaching model consisting of the Triarchic theory, this will develop the systematic thinking of the students as well.